To do any sort of filter action (and a viz-in-tooltip is essentially a filter action) you need dimensional values to pass to the target object. Not measure values.
So in the attached I made a copy of your data source, and pivoted those three dimensional fields for ratios into one dimension (by default called Pivot Field Names) with values of Pivot Field Values.
Attached is an excel spreadsheet that shows what your data looks like when it is pivoted. (The first sheet is the pivoted data. The second sheet is your original.)
And in the attached workbook on Sheet 2 I used that pivoted data to create the same chart, but now when you click on a bar, it's all dimensional values that determine the bar, and you can pass that in filter actions.
Thanks for the reply, but unfortunately my purpose was to not change the structure of the underlying database to do that.
The database i'm working with it's fixed and the total amount of the companies is above 500 thousand.
OK, then Tableau's internal structure isn't going to do what you want to do.