use Dashboard > Actions
When setting up the action, ensure you select the 'Exclude all values' when clearing the selection - this will create the effect you are looking for, i.e. if no filters are selected, everything will be excluded (or hidden).
HTH upload a .twbx example if you need a walkthrough.
I've tried to add the action you mentioned, but it does not change the worksheet.
Attached is a .twbx example I'm referring to.
What I'm attempting to do is, by default, have a blank Building Permits worksheet, in the Permits and Inspection dashboard tab.
Edit: I see what the problem could be. The Building Permits worksheet is already being filtered by the Permits By Location and Permits and Inspection dashboard. I'm guessing the action you provided doesn't work because the Target Sheet isn't cleared.