You didn't mention the data source in detail but it may be related to the section here - View Underlying Data - Tableau regarding OLAP data sources and the features that need to be enabled.
Is this still occurring with Cube data source? Is there anything that could possibly be different between the cubes that are working and the one that is not? Possibly a different data type being used.
I also found these resources that might help with questions about Tableau and Cubes.
Hope this helps!