I do not see a feature within Tableau to enable this sort of view and I checked through some of the other alternative ways to navigate through dashboards but nothing covers the topic of in page navigation with a back to top type feature.
The closest Idea that I could find to this would be here - https://community.tableau.com/ideas/7135
I suggest that you vote this one up and maybe add your own thought about a navigation button that would enable you to go to the top, bottom, right or left of a view and the button could hover in a corner in some way. The more recent versions of Tableau do have navigation buttons on the Dashboard design page but this is for navigating around to different pages and not within a page.
If you have the dashboard published to Tableau Online or Tableau Server, if the user clicks the "Revert" button (above the dashboard) it will refresh the dashboard - which will bring them back to the top of the dashboard with the default filters selected (or none selected if that's how you have the default set up).