Since Access file is manual file you need publish the workbook with some precautions
1) While publish Include external files uncheck it
1) Place the file in Network Drive
2) Provide the access to the file for "Run AS User"
whenever the extract run it will fetch the data
hope this helps kindly mart this answer as correct or helpful so that it will help others
Ask the tableau admin team give the run as user AD ID,
Click on Access File --> Properties --> Security --> add the Run as User ID and provide the full user permission automatically your refresh will be completed without fail