Quick update: I have duplicated the one original dashboard (the one that my coworkers can see fine), and they can see that one without issue as well. Which leads me to believe that it's something to do with the dashboards that are being used. I tried to simplify them to see if I can pinpoint the issue, but I took out everything in the dashboards except a text box, and they still cannot see it. I'm completely at a loss here.
When publishing are you clearing the filters for before hand? Is there USER filter in place that could be blocking content for this user? Are there groups creates on Tableau Server that the user should be part of based on Permission setting?
You will need to elaborate little more here. If you check the above settings and if all is true then I recommend opening a support case with Tableau.
Did your issue get resolved. If so, can you mention the steps to resolve this issue as I am facing the same issue and tried the solutions that are provided in the community still I am unable to resolve.
Thanks in advance