What type of connection are you using to connect to marketo?
- did u try jdbc connection? check this
- you can also try rest api connector through alteryx
- you can also try data loader for marketo
- tableau web data connector (wdc)
you can set date range in wdc check this
hope it helps.
from the screenshots you shared it looks like you are connecting to a published datasource.
i suggest you contact tableau support.
Thanks. I'll then contact Tableau support.