1 of 1 people found this helpful
With 2018.1 out, we now have Hierarchy filters. https://onlinehelp.tableau.com/v2018.1/pro/desktop/en-us/help.htm#whatsnew_desktop.html#hierarchicalfilters
I tested and I think this provides what you would like but please test it out. Note that you may have to create the hierarchy manually on the Dimensions card if your data source does not have this sort of setup.
I hope this helps