Yes you can visualise the ranked survey data in Tableau. To start you will have to restructure the data by pivoting all survey responses into a single column leaving the respondent information intact. This can be done within Tableau or using any other transformation tool, see article for more detail: Reshaping Survey Data with Tableau 9.0 – Data Revelations.
To create the visualisation above you could use a Gantt chart and follow the steps outlined in this blog post: Likert Scales — The Final Word? – Data Revelations.
Hope this helps, let me know how it goes.