I haven't found a way to "select only attributes from this layer" like in ArcGIS. My work around has been using the box, circle, or lasso selector, then group the selected polygons on a unique field for that layer. This will make a group and an "all other" group. The colors group pill will be applied to both shapefiles (filled and shape), so you have to back to your points marks card, remove the polygon color, and replace it with the points one you had before.
Hope that makes sense.
short answer is not that I have seen.