When activating Tableau software, the licensing mechanism that is used captures unique machine identifiers on the system on which the Tableau product is installed. This information is stored in the machine layer of the system, which is typically why the product needs to be activated using the executable on the machine and not in the installation media.
This Knowledge Base articles isn't specifically about SCCM, but may help to provide additional detail.
It focuses primarily on using command-line commands to manage deployment and upgrades for Tableau. You can also script the commands. If you're using a system management system (for ex SCCM) there are some tips.
Change Installation Settings after Installation Go through above article it describes how to change some of your installation settings after installation is complete.