Please refer the below link
You can enable all the applied filters on the Dashboard using below. But i think there is not a way to have this done automatically because sometimes users have filters in Worksheet but they dont it on dashboard and vice versa.
Thanks Rekha. I appreciate your response and apologize for my delay in returning your message. I have reviewed the documentation on the link you provided, but what I was trying to do didn't work. I asked a follow-up question in that thread.