This issue has been solved on the latest tableau version 10.2
You can go for "Dashboard Action Filters" instead of Quick filters as an alternative.
You can use primary data source in sheet 2 as 1 and apply your first filter which you used on sheet 1 and then drag all your require measure and dimension and it should work. there are some limitation with this one as Akaram has mention we are going get more functionality in version 10.
thank you both very much. I already tried what Sanjay said, but the limitations you mentioned are a problem. So I guess I have to wait for Version 10.
Thank you for your answers!