The route i would suggest you go is tooltips, they are like these cards, and can be used when data points are hovered on.
on a sheet on the menu they are under worksheet tooltips.
It looks like something that could be done easily in tableau. Each card would be a worksheet and you could place as many worksheets as you want on a dashboard. If you created your measures in excel you can likely replicate them in Tableau. How to create the measures of course depends on your data source which you've provided no insight into.