A process not starting is typically related to either blocked ports or permissions.
Backgrounder defaults at 8250 and increments by 1 for each additional backgrounder process. I suggest adding another background up to 4 (but really depends on how many cores you have) at most to see if ports (8250, 8251, 8252, 8253) are blocked.
Before continuing to start the server, I suggest stopping it and reapplying the permissions for your run-as-user: http://onlinehelp.tableau.com/current/server/en-us/help.htm#runas.htm
If nothing works, I suggest opening a ticket with Tableau Support.
On the ports for Backgrounder, should we check this ports in the worker servers where the process is showing down.
On the permissions, the tableau run as user account as Admin privileges in primary as well as worker nodes.
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Yes, check the ports on the worker server hosting the backgrounder. I would also check port 27000-27009 on the same machine--these ports are used for communicating licensing information between the workers and the primary.
On memory, I suggest reapplying the permissions. Particularly, this: http://onlinehelp.tableau.com/current/server/en-us/help.htm#runas_confirm.htm%3FTocPath%3DAdministrator%2520Guide%7CRun%…
Hope this helps. If not, definitely check with support.
Thanks Hugh.This helps. Problem was the firewall being turned on which was restricting the communication.