I would just drop the IF statement and use the quick filters but I wanted to have three individual columns (IF Statement) instead of one measure and a filter selection. They want the data displayed a certain way in the dashboard. And I think I might have figured it out by wrapping an AVG() function around the whole thing and dropping the aggregation in the calculation.
IF ATTR([Department]) = "Books" THEN SUM([Survey])/SUM([Total])
I just did
IF ATTR([Department]) = "Books" THEN [Survey]/[Total]