The answer to your question is a yes and a no. Yes you can host other web contents like PDF, files as Tableau runs on apache server, but do note that the apache is tuned and configured for running tableau application. It might not that well if you are trying to host custom application.
The answer is no if you are trying to use tableau application itself to upload and host those files. You would not have an interface to upload files and see it via the tableau application.
Technically, yes. However, you do not want to unless you don't mind degrading your Tableau Server performance and annoying all your end users.
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Please don't do it, even if you can. Best practice says to run no other applications on the Windows Server hosting Tableau. You'll run into performance issues or port conflicts, etc. You'll just create more headache for yourself.