Here's a document that outlines some differences in capabilities. Hope this helps.
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The link Ben provided has a good overview of differences. I'd like to add that:
1) Worry-free upgrading experience for Tableau Online as upgrades are handled by Tableau automatically.
2) No guest account access with Tableau Online. Every user that needs to log on to Tableau Online to complete a task needs a valid license.
3) With Tableau Server's core based licensing model, there's no restriction by Tableau on how many users can log on -- you are limited by your server's specifications. With Tableau Online, everyone logging on needs to have a valid license.
4) Tableau Online licensing is more flexible as you can add user licenses as you go.
After going through the link Ben provided and you're sure your company's use case is viable with Tableau Online's limitations (e.g. cannot connect to cubes), I suggest you do a Cost of Ownership study of Tableau Online vs Tableau Server and see which one makes more sense. Figure out how many users will be accessing Tableau Online is a good starting point.
Tableau server is for local host unless you do any UI integration and Tableau Online is open to all.If you post in Tableau online all can see your file.
I'm not sure I understand your points here. Publishing to Tableau Online is not open for all to see. The difference is that Tableau is hosting, rather you/your organization having to host the server. Tableau Online definitely offers enterprise level security: Tableau Online Security in the Cloud | Tableau Software
sorry to all.i was thinking about Tableau Public.