The only way I can think of doing what you're trying to accomplish is to use the Tableau Data-Extract Command-Line Utility in conjunction with a batch script to create the priorities you desire. I do not know of any way to do so from within Tableau Desktop.
I hope this helps,
You can set the YARN queue name in the ODBC driver itself. Go to 'Advanced Options' and use the 'Server Side Properties' window. Set them as you would a normal Hive query.