Short answer: No.
Richard and I worked on this issue a lot (in 7). You can use slight of hand or magic or brute force to wangle your way to something semi-acceptable, but you'll NEVER get to anything resembling the map 'layering' you're talking about. Layering is not the Tableau map model. In Tableau you get an excellent background map layer (provided by Urban Mapping) and you get a single layer on top. You can attempt to slice/dice that one layer so it shows what you want, but it's all hack/workaround sort of stuff.