I didn't form my question correctly --
Realizing that yes, it's possible to have the same sheet as the Source and Target for the action, can an action be turned into a recursive action on same sheet in order to traverse a hierarchy? I would appreciate any advise on how to accomplish this or any behavior similar to recursive filtering.
It's not completely clear to me what you're trying to achieve here (it may help us to understand if you can post a sample workbook in your question) but it sounds as though you want to allow a user to navigate through your data by using different levels of a hierarchy - e.g. a user clicks on a state and it shows them cities, they click on a city and it shows districts etc.
A common way to deliver this is to set up the different levels of your hierarchy in different sheets and then combine them on a single dashboard where the views interact with each other.
If you desperately need to keep it all on one sheet without a dashboard then you may be able to get what you need by simply double clicking a dimension member, which automatically filters the view for that mamber, and then clicking the little + icon in the dimension title part of the view. For this to work you need to have set up your hierarchy in the right order in the data window http://onlinehelp.tableausoftware.com/v6.1/public/online/en-us/Id112990M0LUI.html