This option to show the filter types is not available in Tableau Server. This might be a good one for the Ideas section--and explain the use case!
Just searching for a problem around Quick Filters saying "not available" when using a somewhat complex if statement.
But for posterirty, this problem has a solution as of Tableau 8.0:
The Multiple Values Dropdown quick filter type--it's a hybrid between compact list/single select dropdown and the multi-select list.