This is a simple hack to rename a pill and it does have restrictions so it’s not the answer for all situations. I’ve only tested it in versions 10.3 and 10.5 so I don’t know if it will work in versions below 10.3. I found this because I wanted a way to change/edit the displayed column header in a report without having to duplicate a field or create a custom calculation, a functionality I assumed would be native in Tableau but discovered it no longer exists (apparently in version 8 and earlier it was possible?). Thus the main use for this would be to rename a column header or row header.
Tableau Desktop Pill Rename.pdf (653.0 KB)