If the filter you mentioned is present on the 'Filters' shelf, the condition should be applied to your worksheet. By default, it will only be applied to a single worksheet. If you need this same where condition across multiple worksheets, you can right click the filter and select the appropriate option under the 'Apply to Worksheets' filter submenu.
If you need more complex logic in addition to a date range (for example, multiple where/if clauses), you can use dates in Calculated Fields.
In more detail...if I select specific date range(10/05/2018 ~ 11/01/2018) then I want to get this two values(10/05/2018, 11/01/2018).
And apply this two values to other filter...
I'm not sure that I'm explaining well what I want.
Anyway, It's a little different between what I want and what you mentioned...
What I want is...
1. Get two values(Start, End date in date filter)
2. Use this values to other filter by where condition.
The link below may point to the steps you need to accomplish this:
You can use parameters and filters to select your beginning and end dates. You can then use the parameters you created within calculated fields for where/if clauses, etc.