Use extract connection mode instead of Live and check.
Copied from kb article
Data Source Constraints for Level of Detail Expressions
Let us know if this work.
Are you using an Lod within another Lod?
alternatively you can try this and see
I am using single LOD function on a field that is coming from the HANA data source. Still it keeps giving this error :-/
From the error you shared the column does not exist in the hana live source...so i suggest you to please recheck in hana DB if the column is existing or not.
Secondly download the latest sap hana driver and try reconnecting.
*** also please check this .... not sure what version of tableau desktop and server and HANA you are using