That is a very broad request and due to the huge variety of companies, their policies & procedures, and personal preferences, there isn't such a document that I'm aware of. I have even found that what I do has changed over the years as Tableau software has evolved and as Tableau has grown within our company.
If you provide more details about your environment, the company, etc. maybe someone in a similar field can give some advice.
Will you be working as a Tableau Admin ? If so i strongly recommend you to go through the basic training from tableau which will cost few $$$ . You have lot's of content on the you-tube . If you are from a BI background you should be able to scale up Quickly.But i strongly recommend training in order to adherence company policies and best practices .