The ability to have Tableau automatically load a data set via a user base parameter pass through or user based data source (automatically recognizing the logged in user and passing parameters to data source for use in Tableau) is not currently part of the product. Feature requests can be submitted to our Tableau Community Ideas forum: Ideas
What could be done is to publish the workbook with the data source for each of the end users. Something like <Workbook name>.<employee ID>. This would allow for each of the users to connect to their own data source and allowing for only the desired data to be returned without changing another users view.
Additionally, I also found the following Tableau Community post:
I hope this helps!