Would you be able to share some images relating to what you're trying to do or the code you're using to embed the views?
Please see the link below which has a similar filtering example as you need:
If you don't want to show the filter on the tableau dashboard just place them outside the dashboard container and they will be hidden from the user.
you can call sheet getFiltersAsync() and put outside in your application. it will return filter array. you can use this array to create your own filter list.
I think this helps.