Unfortunately the answer is no. You could possibly get around this via a dashboard and using extra sheets as action filters which would do this for you. You could also go crazy and try to handle this with some sort of java script or d3 integrated into tableau. The short answer is no.
The medium answer is to work around this by including a caption or a subtitle on the graph which would tell the user how to collapse or add levels of detail. Something akin to:
Hover over a header and select + or - to increase or decrease the levels of detail in the table.
Carl J. Slifer