One option to sidestep the filter selection order is to use action filters instead. I have added an example dashboard which forces a user to select a state first then a list of relevant cities is displayed. Once the user selects a State/City combination a table is shown detailing the number of records by year and quarter. Note with this current seup the user can hold control to select multiple states or cities but this could be disabled. Below is a link to an article to help review how exclude action filters work.
State--City Select.twbx 214.9 KB
I've considered this option. I'd prefer to use a dropdown and avoid a large list of states on the screen as there will be some other visual elements to add.