Yes, you should be able to accomplish this using a sheet selector. You'll need to create two separate worksheets--one that displays your table with the entire list of measures and the other one that displays the table with only the main measures. Then, you'll create a parameter (perhaps titled "Include Additional Measures?" with Yes and No values listed.) You'll need to set up the appropriate calculations and filters so that when the user selects one of the parameter options, only the appropriate table is displayed. Read the Tableau article below for details on how to set up the calculations and filters.
Hope that helps,