Yes, it is easily possible. You'll have to provide more detail on your situation and what you are after in order to get a better, more detailed response for your situation.
Are you asking about Tableau Server permissions, or User level filters? Both could be applicable, depending on what you want exactly.
SOME LINKS TO REVIEW:
I just browsed through the other questions on the forum and found the answer. Yes, my question was about user level filters.