We all started out as newbs... don't sweat it! You can click on the little triangle at the top right of each view (in a grey border) on your dashboard. From there, you will get a menu with a lot of options like to Go to Sheet, show Title, and then further down is Quick Filters and Parameters. You can choose to show any filter from any view on your dashboard.
Keep in mind that unless the filter is set to be Global, it will only apply to the view from which you exposed it to the dashboard. Also, if you ever have more than one data source in your workbook, and you bring in views based on different sources, even if the quick filters are set to be Global, they will only apply to the datasource from which they come. (Although I believe that might be changing in Tableau 8...)
Thanks Mark! That was easy...