I don't think there's any way to control that short of changing the localization setting in Tableau Desktop itself before you publish. You shouldn't have to change it at the operating system level, just within Tableau.
That's still a pain, but slightly less. That setting is under "Help", then Choose Language.
What is 'all' in French ? And what sheet is the quickfilter sourced from ?
My initial thoughts are to just convert the filter into a parameter filter and set the parameter to the correct term between the two vizzes.
If you have a couple of minutes could you please take this quick survey around your experience on the Tableau Community Forums?
[Program Manager | Tableau Community Forums]