The way you wants to filter the chart is not a good visualisation practice. Because you're creating same chart multiple time in your dashboard.
As per my understanding, you're trying to achieve something like this,
Let's assume we've Two charts Monthly Sales (Line chart) and Subcategory Profit Sales (Crosstab). see the screenshots. I've selected three sub-categories and in the line chart we're having three different lines for the same.
Set the target field in your action filters to get the above.
Hope this makes sense. Let me know if this help.