The others are in live mode?
Yes - The other workbooks are also in live mode.
The desktop version is 9.3.3 (9300.16.0606.1812)
The server version is also 9.3.3 (9300.16.0606.1812)
No thoughts since you're reading the same SQL.
I'd try to rebuild the data source.
I created a new data source and replaced the original data source. I then closed the original data source.
The desktop continues to work fine but the error still occurs with I attempt to publish.